OliveOlea europaeasubtropical broad-leaved evergreen tree family Oleaceae and its edible fruit. The olive fruit and its oil are key elements in the cuisine of the Mediterranean and are popular outside the region. The edible olive was grown on the island of Crete about bce. Semitic peoples apparently cultivated it as early as bce. Olive oil was prized for anointing the body in Greece during the time of Homerand it was an important crop of the Romans about bce.
Later, olive growing spread to all the countries bordering the Mediterranean, and the tree is also planted as an ornamental in suitable climates. The olive tree ranges in height from 3 to 12 metres 10 to 40 feet or more and has numerous branches.
Its leavesleathery and lance-shaped, are dark green above and silvery on the underside and are paired opposite each other on the twig. The wood is resistant to decay.
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If the top dies back, a new trunk will often arise from the roots. Olive trees bloom in late spring; small, whitish flowers are borne in loose clusters in the axils of the leaves. Flowers are of two types: perfect, containing both male and female parts, which are capable of developing into the olive fruits; and male, which contain only the pollen -producing parts. The olive is wind-pollinated. Fruit setting in the olive is often erratic.
In some areas, especially where irrigation and fertilization are not practiced, bearing in alternate years is the rule. The trees may set a heavy crop one year and not even bloom the next. The olive fruit is classed botanically as a drupesimilar to the peach or plum.
Within the stone are one or two seeds. Olives tend to have maximum oil content about 20—30 percent of fresh weight and greatest weight six to eight months after the blossoms appear. At that stage they are black and will continue to cling to the tree for several weeks. Olive varieties do not come true from seed. Seedlings generally produce inferior fruit and must be budded or grafted to one of the named varieties. Olives can be propagated by cuttings, either by hardwood cuttings set in the nursery row in the spring or by small, leafy cuttings rooted under mist sprays in a propagating frame.
The trees start bearing in 4 to 8 years, but full production is not reached for 15 or 20 years. Fruits for oil extraction are allowed to mature, but, for processing as food, immature fruits are picked or shaken off the tree.
Hundreds of named varieties of both types of olives, table and oil, are grown in warm climates. In Californiaolives such as the Mission variety are grown almost exclusively for table use. In Europe, olives such as the Picual, Nevadillo, and Morcal are grown mostly for oil.Entry 1 of 2 1 a : a Mediterranean evergreen tree Olea europaea of the family Oleaceae, the olive family cultivated for its drupaceous fruit that is an important food and source of oil also : the fruit b : any of various shrubs and trees resembling the olive 2 : any of several colors resembling that of the unripe fruit of the olive tree that are yellowish green 3 : an oval eminence on each ventrolateral aspect of the medulla oblongata olive.
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Most of their leaves are gone, and the ones that remain are drab olive and curling at the edges. Send us feedback. See more words from the same year Dictionary Entries near olive olitory Oliva olivaceous olive olive acanthus olive baboon olive-backed thrush. Accessed 12 Oct. Keep scrolling for more More Definitions for olive olive. Please tell us where you read or heard it including the quote, if possible.
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Save Word. Examples of olive in a Sentence Noun a sauce made with chopped olives Does the suit come in olive? First Known Use of olive Nounin the meaning defined at sense 1a Adjectivein the meaning defined at sense 1. Keep scrolling for more.
Learn More about olive. Time Traveler for olive The first known use of olive was in See more words from the same year.Rub the loin with olive oil, and season with salt and pepper. Pat the chicken dry with paper towels, place on a sheet pan, brush with olive oil, and sprinkle with salt and pepper. Marston met Olive Byrne while a professor at Tufts and away from his wife. Sadie Holloway and Olive Byrne lived out their days together. They had been climbing steadily uphill, and now found themselves above the fruit zone and among the olive groves.
Fronteras is the other side of the water—that streak of olive green with reddish shadow. Of course, you and Jack would scorn to notice it, but Donald has a crush on Olive. When bacteria were suspended in olive oil or in pus, chlorlyptus showed marked germicidal action.
Compare olive family. Also called olive wood. Find out with this quiz on words that originate from American Indigenous languages. Words nearby olive olivaceousOlivaresolivaryolivary bodyolivary nucleusoliveolive-backed thrusholive brancholive brownolive crownolive drab. Words related to olive blue-greenbeigedrabkhakibrownishfirsapjadesagemosspineforestseagrasspeacockapplespinachwillowverdigrismalachite.
Example sentences from the Web for olive Rub the loin with olive oil, and season with salt and pepper. The Treasure of Pearls Gustave Aimard. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. Find Out!Choose your level of coverage, deductible, and monthly payment plan to fit your budget. You have instant online access to coverage, and filing a claim is as easy as the tap of your finger.
Prices are fixed for the life of your term, and you can cancel anytime. We earn your business every month. At olivewe keep things bite sized.
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David Grigorian. Lisa Jimenez. Barbara Hendon. Wodeh Hipolito. Mohammad Ziyadh. William Carroll.The oliveknown by the botanical name Olea europaeameaning "European olive", is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceaefound traditionally in the Mediterranean Basin.
The olive's fruit, also called the olive, is of major agricultural importance in the Mediterranean region as the source of olive oil ; it is one of the core ingredients in Mediterranean cuisine. The tree and its fruit give their name to the plant family, which also includes species such as lilacsjasmineForsythiaand the true ash trees Fraxinus. The olive tree, Olea europaeais an evergreen tree or shrub native to Mediterranean Europe, Asiaand Africa. The trunk is typically gnarled and twisted.
The small, white, feathery flowerswith ten-cleft calyx and corollatwo stamensand bifid stigmaare borne generally on the previous year's wood, in racemes springing from the axils of the leaves.
The fruit is a small drupe 1—2. Olives are harvested in the green to purple stage. The six natural subspecies of Olea europaea are distributed over a wide range:   . The subspecies O. Wild growing forms of the olive are sometimes treated as the species Olea oleaster.
The trees referred to as white and black olives in Southeast Asia are not actually olives, but species of Canarium. Hundreds of cultivars of the olive tree are known.
Olives cultivated for consumption are generally referred to as table olives. Since many olive cultivars are self-sterile or nearly so, they are generally planted in pairs with a single primary cultivar and a secondary cultivar selected for its ability to fertilize the primary one. In recent times, efforts have been directed at producing hybrid cultivars with qualities useful to farmers, such as resistance to disease, quick growth, and larger or more consistent crops.
Fossil evidence indicates the olive tree had its origins some 20—40 million years ago in the Oligocenein what is now corresponding to Italy and the eastern Mediterranean Basin. The edible olive seems to have coexisted with humans for about 5, to 6, years, going back to the early Bronze Age to BC. Its origin can be traced to the Levant based on written tablets, olive pits, and wood fragments found in ancient tombs. The immediate ancestry of the cultivated olive is unknown.
Fossil Olea pollen has been found in Macedonia and other places around the Mediterranean, indicating that this genus is an original element of the Mediterranean flora. Fossilized leaves of Olea were found in the palaeosols of the volcanic Greek island of Santorini Thera and were dated about 37, BP. Imprints of larvae of olive whitefly Aleurolobus Aleurodes olivinus were found on the leaves.
The same insect is commonly found today on olive leaves, showing that the plant-animal co-evolutionary relations have not changed since that time. As far back as BC, olives were grown commercially in Crete; they may have been the source of the wealth of the Minoan civilization. Olives are not native to the Americas. Spanish colonists brought the olive to the New World, where its cultivation prospered in present-day PeruChileand Argentina. The first seedlings from Spain were planted in Lima by Antonio de Rivera in Olive tree cultivation quickly spread along the valleys of South America's dry Pacific coast where the climate was similar to the Mediterranean.
Orchards were started at other missions, but inan inspection found only two olive orchards in California. Cultivation for oil gradually became a highly successful commercial venture from the s onward.You can connect with Amanda on Twitter and LinkedIn. Here are four practices you should use to your advantage when trying to win executive support for your proposals.
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I paid my bill, accepted offer after being on the phone for 3 hours, transferred to every department and finally feeling like someone had listened to me and made it right.Padé - The Olive (In The Air Tonight) (Official Audio)
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Again, another hour on the phone and nothing fixed. I did not hear back from them, instead I had to call back the next morning November 25th. The agent who I spoke with was super nice and corrected the issue. Apparently the person who reconnected my service did not reconnect the HD so it would not connect. I literally had to hang up.
The person who promised me this her name was Tajma and I requested for a manager to contact me. At this point in time, do not trust or believe that DirecTV will take care of your needs or do anything they promise to do.
I am so frustrated and feel completely disregarded. I feel like I was told a bunch of crap to come back and then as soon as I did everything that was promised just went away. I should have never left Comcast. I never had these issues. My next step is wait for a manager to call be back and also contact the Better Business Bureau. I only rated 1 star because you have to put something.
I would honestly give them a zero. Helpful Be the first one to find this review helpful Barbara of Durham, NC Verified Reviewer Original review: Nov.
Usually it is just me and my husband, but during the holidays, we have family and friends visiting.